Keeping in mind the safety of the future, the whole world is giving priority to electric vehicles instead of diesel petrol vehicles. Apart from the safety of the future, the use of electric vehicles is also becoming more and more popular due to other great features.
The battery is the most important component in the technology of an electric vehicle. Today we will tell you here that from which materials the battery of electric vehicles is made and what is their use.
Energy is provided to the electric vehicle from a rechargeable battery. Keeping the features in mind, we need a battery which is low in weight and can give maximum energy density. Currently, lithium-ion and lithium-polymer batteries are the two most popular electric vehicle batteries.
The main chemical components for making lithium-ion batteries are lithium, manganese, cobalt, steel, graphite and nickel. These different components perform various different functions in an electric vehicle.
In a lithium-ion battery, energy is generated by the movement of lithium ions between the cathode and the anode. Lithium-ion batteries provide higher energy density than other available batteries, making it convenient to reduce battery size while maintaining storage capacity.
In lithium-ion batteries, manganese is used to increase battery capacity and increase driving range. In addition, manganese is used in batteries to reduce flammability.
Cobalt helps to extend the life of the battery. Cobalt guarantees a battery life of 8 to 10 years. In lithium-ion batteries, graphite is used to store lithium ions at the anode.
Nickel is also used in lithium-ion batteries. Nickel provides better corrosion resistance to the battery.
Batteries like Lithium-ion (Li-ion), Nickel Manganese cobalt (NMC), Nickel Metal Hydride (Ni-MH), Lithium Sulphur (Li-S), and Lead-Acid chemicals are mainly used in the market for electric vehicles goes.
Nickel metal hydride batteries are commonly used in hybrid electric cars instead of lithium-ion batteries. Although Lithium Ion battery is the most used and popular battery.